Harvard Referencing

The 'In-Text' System

How do I do it?

The Harvard System requires two elements: in-text citations throughout your assignment, and a list of references at the end.

1. In-text citations

Include three pieces of information about a source within the text of your work:

  • the name of the author or authors
  • the year of publication
  • the page number (when the information/idea can be located on a particular page, or when directly quoted)

2. List of references

At the end of your text, you must include a List of References, a list of all the sources of information you have used to research your assignment.

  • Each list item requires specific information (details and exampes can be found on the next pages)
  • List each item in alphabetical order (by author surname).
  • Titles should be in italics.
  • Each item should have a hanging indent.

See next: Citing different sources